There are many different medical procedures that can provide physicians with advanced diagnostic information and surgical options that were not available just a few decades ago. The equipment used for some of these techniques can emit radiation or rely on the transmission of radiation to see inside the body without the need for surgery. Doctors and patients sometimes need to wear radiation protective equipment from UTPR, such as lead glasses and thyroid shields, to prevent harmful energy levels from building up in the body while working with patients.
X-rays are a type of electromagnetic energy that can pass through certain substances, but is partially blocked by denser areas of matter. Patients who receive an X-ray pass this type of radiation through a specific area. The imaging film is placed under the limb or the area to be imaged. As a result, dense areas within the body, such as bones, internal organ parts, or tumors, create gaps in the film, while less dense areas appear dark because X-rays change the color of the film. Standard X-rays are widely used because they are very fast, inexpensive, and very accurate in diagnosing underlying problems, such as broken bones or fractures.
One of the most difficult diagnostic applications of X-rays is fluoroscopy. It is a procedure that can allow doctors to see the internal workings of the body in real time. This type of image is made by passing X-rays through the body, which are then captured by a digital sensor or fluorescent screen. The procedure is usually done to examine potential problems in the gastrointestinal tract, to help with certain types of surgery, and to monitor the functioning of the veins and arteries during an angiogram. Most doctors must wear lead glasses and X-ray aprons due to the duration of radiation exposure that occurs to collect enough data to make a diagnosis.
Lasers are widely used in cosmetic procedures and are becoming more and more common in areas such as dentistry. Lasers give surgeons the ability to accurately remove layers of skin or tissue, make clean and hygienic incisions, and cauterize tissue when necessary. Certain types of lasers used in medicine emit large amounts of radiation that should be avoided. This is often a concern when working with fragile hand tools due to the proximity of the device to the body. Lead glasses are very important for people who work with lasers because the energy can be especially damaging to the structures of the eye.
In addition to being a threat to internal organs and eyes, radiation can damage the skin. Research shows that overexposure can mutate melanocyte cells. As a result, these abnormal skin cells can turn cancerous. Melanoma is one of the most aggressive cancers out there today, and it often metastasizes before victims know it. To protect yourself from melanoma or skin cancer, it is important to protect your skin. Sunscreen is recommended even on cloudy days and when sun exposure is not expected. Sunburn, sunbathing, sunburn, and even accidental sun exposure can be dangerous. Wearing protective clothing also prevents health problems.
Sunscreen, radiation goggles, and lead aprons should be worn to protect you during rest, work, and regular visits to medical facilities with X-ray equipment. When protecting the skin from melanoma, protect the eyes from ultraviolet rays and protect internal organs from the dangers of X-rays, it can significantly reduce the risk of cancer and other diseases.